Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of the English language that every student must understand, particularly in Class 8. It refers to the relationship between the subject and the verb in a sentence. A verb must always agree with the subject in number and person, meaning, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural as well.

Here are some essential guidelines related to subject-verb agreement for Class 8 students.

1. Singular subjects require a singular verb: For example, “The boy walks to school.” The subject “boy” is singular, and therefore the verb “walks” is also singular.

2. Plural subjects require plural verbs: For example, “The boys walk to school.” Here, the subject “boys” is plural, and the verb “walk” is also plural.

3. Some subjects remain unchanged when made plural: For example, “The deer run fast.” Here, even though the subject “deer” looks like a plural, it represents one group, and the verb “run” is not pluralized.

4. Singular indefinite subjects require singular verbs: For example, “Someone is at the door.” Here, the subject “someone” is singular, and therefore the verb “is” is also singular.

5. Compound subjects joined by “and” require a plural verb: For example, “Tom and Jerry go to the park.” Here, the subject “Tom and Jerry” refers to two people, and therefore the verb “go” is pluralized.

6. Compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor” agree with the closest subject: For example, “Neither the boys nor the girl is interested.” Here, the closest subject to the verb “is” is “girl,” which is singular.

7. Collective nouns can be singular or plural depending on context: For example, “The team wins the game” (singular) and “The team celebrate their victory” (plural). Here, “team” is a collective noun that can be either singular or plural based on the context.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential grammar concept that Class 8 students must learn and master. This guide contains the fundamental rules that will help them write grammatically correct sentences. By following these guidelines, students can ensure that their writing is clear, concise, and error-free.